Colour Workshop

In this session, we were looking at colours.

Our first exercise was to look at 8 different colours, and to choose words that associated with the colour.


  1. Pink – girly, feminine, cute, childish, caring, charm, politeness, sensitivity, tenderness, sweetness, romantic.
  2. Red – blood, love, anger, passion, danger, creative, instruction, primary, hot.
  3. Blue – royal, free, cold, calm, educational, sky, political, unnatural, masculine, primary.
  4. Green – wealth, environment, envy, sick, luck, positive, healthy.
  5. Yellow – happy, summer, primary, sunny.
  6. Silver – rich, technology, modern, age, expensive, future.
  7. Black – death, sad, lonely, depth, space, rebel.
  8. White – pure, power, innocent, rich, nice, religious, lost,


ROYGBIV – Red, Orange, Yellow, Green, Blue, Indigo, Violet.

These colours are the main and most well known colours that nursery children to old seniors will always know. This is a shorter and easier way to remember the main colours.


Hue – a colour or a shade.

Saturation – the state of being saturated or the action of saturating.

Lightness – the quality or state of being illuminated.


CMYK – subtractive

  • Crimson
  • Magenta
  • Yellow
  • Key (black)


RGB – additive

  • Red
  • Green
  • Blue



The colour wheel is an abstract illustrative organisation of colour hues around a circle, which shows the relationships between primary, secondary and tertiary colours.



Primary colours are the colours that cannot be created through the mixing of other colours. They are colours in their own right. The three colours can be seen – red, yellow, blue.



Secondary colours are a result in mixing two primary colours together:

  • Red + yellow = orange
  • Blue + red = purple
  • Yellow + blue = green



Tertiary colours are combinations of primary and secondary colours. There are six colours in tertiary:

  • Red-orange
  • Yellow-orange
  • Yellow-green
  • Blue-green
  • Blue-violet
  • Red-violet



Monochromatic colours are all the colours of a single hue. The schemes are derived from a single base hue and extended using its shades, tones and tints.



Analogous colours are groups of three colours that are next to each other on the colour wheel, with one being the dominant colour, which tends to be a primary or secondary colour, and a tertiary.



Contrasting colours or complementarty colours that are opposite one another on the colour wheel can be described as clashing colours. Colours that clash are not necessariley a bad combination in print design.





The split complementary colour scheme is a variation of the complementary colour scheme. In addition to the base colour, it uses the two colours adjacent to its complement.



Neutral colour schemes include neutral colours not found on the colour wheel (various tones of brown and grey.)


Adobe colour: this is an online and app where you can select an image and select on the colour that you like, and can be found by using Adobe Colour. Also, on this site, you can make up your own colours, and if you like them, you can add them to your own swatches in Adobe.



The Albers Foundation

In 1971, Josef Albers established a not-for-profit organization to further “the revelation and evocation of vision through art.” Today, this organization—The Josef and Anni Albers Foundation—is devoted to preserving and promoting the enduring achievements of both Josef and Anni Albers, and the aesthetic and philosophical principles by which they lived. It serves as a unique center for the understanding and appreciation of the arts and of all visual experience—with the combined legacies of Josef and Anni Albers at its heart.



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